Tabla History

Buy Tabla Drum Set for Sale. A tabla set consists of two upright drums – one large and other small, played with hands. Each drum head has three separate skins. The smaller drum is known as Dayan meaning right and the larger one is called Bayan meaning left. Dayan is conical in shape and made from teak or rosewood and is hollow till half of its total depth. The top of Dayan is made up of stretched layered leather membrane, kept in position by leather braces. The wooden pegs between the braces and the drum maintain tension in braces which in turn help in controlling the pitch of the drum. There is a black spot in the center which is a mixture of carbon black, mucilage and iron filings which is collected from sides of Indian Railways. The body of the larger drum called the Duggi or the Bayan is made of either clay, metal or wood. The top is similar to the Dayan with a difference in their sizes.

SG Musical Tabla Set

Some believe he invented the Tabla set by dividing the Pakhawaj (or Mirdinham) in half. However, the Amir’s court recorder, Abul Fazil, made no mention of this momentous cultural break through in music. So it is unlikely that Khusro is the inventor. Since the word tabla, may derive from the Arabic tabl (drum) or the Turkish dawal, it is more likely that these cultures introduced the design into Indian culture. Even this is speculation since the earliest depictions the tabla in Indian literature does not occur until the 18th century.
Today, Tablas are part of the standard Indian musical society. They give the beat to the orchestra, accompanying sitars and Tamburas. They also provide the beat for dancers. With skill the Tabla can be played alone providing a pleasing performance in double, triple and fourth speeds.
Description of the Tabla.

The Tabla is really a two drum set. The cylindrical, wooden drum is played with the right hand. This drum is called the Dayan, Dahina, or the Tabla. These Dayan are usually carved of toon or rosewood wood. They are approximately 9-10 inches tall and have a head diameter of 6 inches. Expect considerable variation in the head diameter, and be specific about the diameter of your drum when ordering replacement heads. The base of the drum has a slightly larger diameter that the open head.
The “left hand” drum is slightly conical and bowl shaped. This drum can be made of metal, wood, or ceramic. It is called the Bayan, Duggi, or Dagga. These are approximately 10 inches high and have a head diameter of roughly 10 inches
The heads of both the dayan and the bayan are multi layered goatskin called a puddi. They are made on multi-layered membranes. Think of the main skin as a circle. It has a diameter sufficient to overlap the opening of the drum by one to two inches. Now imagine two skins that have the same diameter as the main skin, but they have had their centers cut out. The main skin is sandwiched between these two donut-shaped skins. These donut-shaped skins cover only the outer edge of the main skin. Near the center of the head, is a black spot, the siyahi. The phonetic name of this spot is the Cee-Hi. This black raised area is applied in layers, and is usually made of rice, glue, graphite, and iron fillings. The siyahi is essential to the sound of the tabla. Be careful not to allow the siyahi to become damp, this will loosen the layers. Once the siyahi has been damaged the drum must be re-headed.

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